Estimate is the process of determining an estimate, which is a reliable value, which is used for any purpose either by experts or non-experts. The value is then used because it’s derived from the most accurate information available.
Estimation also refers to the art of determining a number of relevant facts that will determine the value of an item. By doing so, we can easily calculate the actual cost or price of an item. The following are the main factors involved in estimating:
Product Type: This refers to the type of product that is being evaluated. If the product is only available in a single shape or size, then this factor is not very important. However, if the product has different shapes and sizes and is of varying thickness or width, then this factor plays a major role in estimating. This is because a particular product might have a certain percentage of thickness or width and will consequently cost more or less than the same product that has the same characteristics. The same product that has the same characteristics will also cost more or less the same, depending on the dimension.
Material: The amount of materials used in a product also affects the cost of a product. If a product is made from one material only, then the cost of that product will also be determined by the material used. If the product is manufactured from a variety of materials, then it will cost more or less. There are instances where a product is manufactured from two or three materials in order to have greater durability, flexibility, and/or safety. This would therefore mean that a particular product with similar characteristics to a product that uses a variety of materials will also cost more or less. However, there is a limitation to the variation of cost among products that use multiple materials.
Design and Manufacturing Technique: The cost of the final product is determined according to its manufacturing technique. If the product was manufactured by skilled labor, then the cost will obviously be higher. The cost of manufacturing will be determined by factors like raw material cost, labor cost, and production overhead cost. In addition, if the product is produced by an automated machine, then the cost will be lower. Depending on the quality of these factors, the final product will differ from the one that was manufactured manually.
Designing: The design and development of the product is another factor that makes a big difference in the cost of the product. The design of the product must be able to meet the expected demand and must also provide good quality. If the design of the product is not attractive enough, then its production will be low. If the design is attractive but its production is low, then it will not have the potential to meet the demand.
Production Costs: It is very important to estimate production costs. Production cost is determined by factors such as raw material, labor, overhead cost, and production time. If a product has the ability to meet the demand but is too costly, then it won’t achieve the desired results. Estimating the cost of manufacturing helps in determining whether the product is worth the production costs.
Marketing and Promotion: Another important factor in the estimation process is the promotion of a product. The amount of marketing and promotion involved in promoting a product should also be considered in order to determine the production costs. If the product is highly successful in getting the target market, then the overall cost of production is much lower than the expected costs.